www.sayyortour.com – Travel in Bukhara

Bukhara

On Sanskrit the Bukhara means “abbey”, which was a big commercial center on the Great Silk Road whenever. Bukhara -“The city of museum”, proposes more than 140 the architectural monuments of the Middle Ages. Such ensembles as Poi – Kalan, Kosh Madras, mausoleum of Ismail Samoni, minaret of Kalyan and others built 2300 years ago, today they are attracting the great attention of tourists. The famous poets like Narshahi, Rudaki Dakiki and others have played the important role in development of Bukhara . 
Historical and architectural monuments of Bukhara :
• Mausoleum of Samani , 
• The Poi Kalyan Complex, 
• An Ensemble of Lyabi -Khauz , 
• The Mosque of Chor-Minor (four column),
• Madrasah of Ulugbek , 
• Mausoleum of Sayfiddin Bukharzi and Bayan Quli , 
• The Kosh Madrasah Ensemble ,
• The Palace of Emir of Bukhara “Sitorai Mohi Hossa” , 
• Chor-Bakr – the burial place of shih Jubaeri family .
And also: 
• The Ark , 
• An Ensemble of Bola – Hauz , 
• The Cemetery of Chashmoi – Ayub , 
• Madrasah of Abdulla – han , 
• Madrasah of Madari – han, 
• The Mosque of Baland (High) , 
• An Ensemble of Gaukushon , 
• Honaka of Zaynutdin Hodji ,  
• Hanaka of Nodir Divanbegi , 
• Madrasah of Abdulaziz Han , 
• The Mosque of Bola Hauz, 
• The Mosque of Namazgoh , 

• Hanaka of Fayzabad .

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Sayyortour – Tashkent

Tashkent

The capital of modern Uzbekistan, Tashkent, is Central Asia’s largest town. 

First known mentioning of the area of contemporary Tashkent came from ancient Chinese chronicles of the beginning of our era. The area called as “Yuni” was part of a big amorphous confederation of semi-nomadic tribes of Sakas and Ussunies called “Khanguy” of “Kangha”. Local population of that time was speaking a dialect of eastern Iranian language and called their land as “Chach”.

In the 6th-7th centuries AD Chach was part of amorphous Turkic Khanate. Its population was bilingual – Turkic and Iranian (Sogdian dialect) speaking. Later, at the Arabic times (since early 8th c. AD) the city’s name transformed into “Shash”. 

In the works of Arabic geographers of 10th-11th centuries the town is already mentioned as “Binkat” and under is contemporary name – “Tashkent” (by Beruni). 

Today Tashkent is a megapolis with its population in excess of 2.6 million. After destructive April’s earthquake of 1966, the city was rebuilt anew to become one of the most modern, well-planned and well-organised administrative, cultural and industrial centres of Central Asia. 

Architectural style of Tashkent bears distinct features of Uzbek national colouring where ultramodern high-rise buildings harmoniously match with medieval monuments and city’s multiple canals, green parks and fountains. 

Tashkent plays an important role as international air gate to Central Asia. All possible aircraft arriving from 42 cities of the world land at the Tashkent International Airport. 

Annually, dozens of international congresses, conferences, festivals and athletic contests take place in Tashkent. 

A good dozen of museums and art-galleries, the Opera House, multiple concert halls, cafes and restaurants, sport- and night clubs and other venues (like world’s 10th tallest TV tower and the Expo Centre nearby) provide tourists and guests of the city variety of choices where to enjoyably spend their time at. Tashkent is proud to have Central Asia’s largest Aqua Park, a zoo, a botanical gardens and an Uzbekistan’s only golf-club. 

The Independence Square (originally laid out in the second half of the 19th century as Cathedral Square, then after Great October Revolution renamed into Lenin Square) lies in the town’s centre. It is there where the Monument of Independence and the Arc of Good Hopes and Good Wishes symbolizing good will of independent Uzbekistan to develop itself in line with the rest of progressive humankind are located. 

It is there in the Square where country’s main holiday – Independence Day (1st September) is celebrated. The Square in encircled by office buildings: Cabinet of Ministers, Senate (upper house of Parliament) as well as original fountains and a park where “eternal flame” is alight in memory of those who lost their lives for Freedom and Independence of their Motherland, who died in the fields of the Second World War of 1941 – 1945 and other hostilities. 

Nearby the Square is a peculiar palace built of burnt bricks by Grand Duke of Russia Nicolas Romanov, uncle of the Russia’s last Tsar at the end of the 19th century. 

Drawn in the century’s old plane and oak trees, the Amir Timur Square laid out by Russian sappers back in 1870s lies just at the end of the former Cathedral Street (today colloquially known as “Broadway”) and, since 1996 houses a mounted statue of Amir Timur (also known as Tamerlane) – a great general and statesman of Mavarounnahr of the 14th-15th centuries. 

Also drawing attention of tourists are largest in the Central Asia active Roman Catholic Cathedral (beginning 20th c.), the Uzbekistan State Museum of History of Timurids (dynasty of Tamerlane’s), the Uzbekistan State Museum of History and the State Museum of Fine Arts of Uzbekistan 

Old town of Tashkent is located 4-5km northwest of contemporary downtown. Their a traveller can see Kukelidash madrasah (XVI – XIXcc), recently renewed Hazret-Imam architectural complex comprising Kaffal Shashi Mausoleum (12th-16thcc), Barakhan Madrasah (16th c), Namazgoh mosque (19th-20th cc), Tilla Sheikh Mosque (19th-20th cc) and a new built Office of the Muslim Board of Uzbekistan flanked by two majestic minarets over 30m tall. 

All the buildings are surrounded by old town’s living quarters with their old-time mud-brick houses and narrow streets. The library of the Tilla Sheikh Mosque is renowned for its priceless manuscripts, of which most distinguished and valuable one is 1300-year’s old Koran hand-written on the velum in the second half of the 7th c AD by behest of the Caliph Othman. 

The Museum of Applied Arts exhibiting more than four thousand pieces of traditional Uzbek ceramics, carpets, wood carving, jewellery, metal chasing, items of clothing and embroidery is organised in the former residential house of Russian diplomat of the XIX century someone Polovtsev. Astonishing interior decoration of the building’s is done in traditional Uzbek open-work wooden, alabaster carving and frescos. 

80 kilometres northeast from Tashkent in the mountains of South-West Tian Shan the Ugahm-Chatkal National Nature Park lies to provide Tashkent townsfolk and guests of the city multiple opportunities for outdoor activities – mountain skiing at Chimgan and Belidersay ski resort, trekking and mountaineering. 

Multiple tourist complexes, hotels, sanatoriums and beaches have been organised ashore of alpine Charvak Reservoir. 

The reservoir provides good conditions for water-surface activities – windsurfing, water biking, scootering, sailboating alike – as well as mountain trekking, rock climbing, mountaineering, paragliding and equestrian tourism. 

Winter there makes the mountains a paradise for leisure skiers, free-riders and heli-skiers. A big advantage of the area is that skiing season begins at the end of December and lasts till end of March. A number of elite cottage-like hotels offer high-class services to VIP guests.

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Climate of Uzbekistan

Climate 

Uzbekistan has an extreme continental climate. It is generally warmest in the south and coldest in the north. Temperatures in December average -8°C (18°F) in the north and 0°C (32 °F) in the south. However, extreme fluctuations can take temperatures as low as -35°C (-31°F). During the summer temperatures can reach 45°C (113°F) and above. Humidity is low. Spring (April to June) and Fall (September through October) are in general the most pleasant times to travel. The weather is mild and in April the desert blooms briefly. In Fall it’s harvest time, and the markets are full of fresh fruit. If you’re interested in trekking, then summer (July and August) is the best time, because summers are almost dry. In recent years Uzbekistan was notably affected by the global warming and dry-out of the Aral See, which turned snowy cold winters to mild with less precipitation by allowing to travel in the wintertime. Month 
Avg. Hgh 
Avg. Low Mean 
Avg. Precip. 
Avg. High 
Avg. Low Mean Avg.Precip 
Jan 42°F 26°F 33°F 2.20 in. 6°C -3°C 1°C 55.9 mm
Feb 46°F 29°F 36°F 1.90 in. 8°C -2°C 2°C 48.3 mm
Mar 57°F 39°F 48°F 2.80 in 14°C 4°C 9°C 71.1 mm
Apr 71°F 49°F 60°F 2.50 in. 22°C 9°C 16°C 63.5 mm
May 81°F 56°F 69°F 1.30 in 27°C 13°C 21°C 33.0 mm
Jun 91°F 63°F 78°F 0.30 in 33°C 17°C 26°C 7.6 mm
Jul 96°F 66°F 82°F 0.20 in. 36°C 19°C 28°C 5.1 mm
Aug 93°F 63°F 78°F 0.10 in 34°C 17°C 26°C 2.5 mm
Sep 83°F 54°F 68°F 0.20 in 28°C 12°C 20°C 5.1 mm

Oct 69°F 45°F 56°F 1.30 in. 21°C 7°C 13°C 33.0 mm

Nov 57°F 38°F 46°F 1.80 in. 14°C 3°C 8°C 45.7 mm

Dec 47°F 31°F 38°F 2.10 in. 8°C -1°C 3°C 53.3 mm

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Location of Uzbekistan

Location of Uzbekistan 

The Republic of Uzbekistan is situated in the centre of the Central Asia 

between the rivers of Amudarya and Syrdarya and occupies 447,400 square meters. The span of the territory from the west to the east is 1,425 km and from the north to the south – 930 km. The territory borders on Kazakhstan in the north, on Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in the east and southeast, on Turkmenistan in the west, and on Afghanistan in the south. 

Position data: Latitude 41-00 north, Longitude 64-00 east 

The borders: The total length of the state border is 6,221 kilometers. The length of the border with Afghanistan is 137 km, with Kazakhstan – 2,203 km, with Kyrgyzstan – 1,099 km, with Tajikistan – 1161 km, and with Turkmenistan – 1,621 km. 

Landscape (relief): Uzbekistan possesses some of the most favorable natural and geographic conditions in Central Asian region. The territory of Uzbekistan is a mixture of plain and mountainous lands. The greatest part of the territory (about four fifth) is covered by plains. One of the main plains is the Turan plain. In the east and northeast are situated the spurs of Tyan-Shan and Pamir with the highest point of the country at 4643 meters above the sea level. To the north and the central part of the territory of Uzbekistan situated is one of the largest deserts in the world – Kyzylkoum. 

Subsurface geology and minerals: The bowels of the earth contain stocks of natural gas, lignite and coal, gold, copper, tungsten, bismuth, and oil.Official name Republic of Uzbekistan
Capital Tashkent
Area 447,400 sq. km
Population 26.769.000 (March 2009 est.)
Language: Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%
Religion Muslim 88% (mostly Sunnis), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%
Ethnic divisions Uzbek 71.4%, Russian 8.3%, Tajik 4.7%, Kazak 4.1%, Tatar 2.4%, Karakalpak 2.1%, other 7%
Currency Soum
Constitution: Constitution was adopted on December 8, 1992
Time +5 hours GMT
Electricity 220v, 50 Hz.AC.2 pin plugs
Banks: From Monday to Friday

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